Analysis of Structural Transformation in Agricultural Sector in Indonesia
Penulis: Abdul Aziz, Ragimun, Peneliti Badan Kebijakan Fiskal (Tahun 2017)
Indonesia's economy is currently undergoing a sharp shift of structural transformation. This is evident from the change in the proportion of major sectoral contributions to GDP in Indonesia. The agricultural sector in 2000 accounted for 15.60 percent of the national GDP. This sector is experiencing a gradual downward trend in 2015 which only contributes 12.18 percent. On the other hand there is an increasing contribution to GDP for the trade sector from 16.15 percent in 2000 to 18.06 percent by 2015. The study aims to identify the structural transformation of the agricultural sector in Indonesia, identify fiscal policy, appropriate development programs and can be implemented. The research methodology used is to explore the theory and implementation of several other countries by using SWOT analysis. The results of this research analysis found that the shift of structural transformation in the agricultural sector has the potential to cause negative impacts on several macroeconomic indicators such as GDP per capita persector and workforce of the sector. Therefore, there are several fiscal instruments that can be recommended, among others through credit programs such as Credit for Business Programme, subsidies and agricultural credit. Moreover, it can be done through agricultural insurance schemes and programs to increase infrastructure spending in agriculture so that the structural transformation is expected to keep Indonesia's economic growth more inclusive.
Telah Diterbitkan Pada Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies
Contemplating Rupiah Global Bonds to Attract Foreign Funds
Penulis: Adelia Pratiwi (Tahun 2017)
In the middle of limited funds available in domestic market, Indonesian corporates must start considering attracting foreign funds to fulfill their high investment needs. Aside of the traditional way of raising funds through foreign debt which can lead to further currency risk, there has been recent contemplation to raise them in more innovative and less risky way, such as by issuing global bonds denominated in rupiah. Infrastructure-related state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are currently assessing the implementation of such method.
Telah diterbitkan di Laman The Jakarta Post Pada Tanggal 28 Agustus 2017
Menyoal Efektivitas Kerja Sama Perdagangan Internasional
Penulis: Titis Ayu Widowati (Tahun 2017)
Sejak berdirinya World Trade Organization (WTO) tahun 1995 dianggap sebagai derivative ideology pasar bebas pada dua dekade setelahnya. Dianggap gagalnya putaran PerundinganWTO Doha, secara sporadik muncul bentuk baru perdagangan pasar bebas, free trade agreement (FTA) sebagai reaksi ketidakpuasan pasar bebas berbasis WTO (WTO-based) juga upaya negara-negara di dunia mencari jalan untuk mendorong arus perdagangan terutama antarnegara berkembang.